Flora of Nepal    नेपाल वनस्पति
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Plant lists for Nepal

Appendix I: species threatened with extinction

National list of plants banned for export
Abies spectabilis  
Cinnamomum glaucescens  
Nardostachys grandiflora [IUCN threat status V]
Rauvolfia serpentina [IUCN threat status E, CITES Appendix II]
Taxus baccata subsp. wallichiana [CITES Appendix II]
Valeriana jatamansii  
Fungi: Cordyceps sinensis
National list of timber trees banned for felling, transportation or export
Acacia catechu [IUCN threat status T]
Bombax ceiba  
Dalbergia latifolia  
Juglans regia  
Michelia champaca [IUCN threat status E]
Pterocarpus marsupium [Fabaceae]
Shorea robusta
CITES listed plants in Nepal

Appendix I: species threatened with extinction

Saussurea lappa

Appendix II: species not yet threatened with extinction, but which could become endangered if trade is not controlled

Ceropegia [Milkworts, 7 species in Nepal]
Cyatheaceae [tree ferns, CHECK how many species??]
Cycadaceae [cycads, one species in Nepal?? CHECK]
Dioscorea deltoidea  
Orchidaceae [orchids, over 300 species in Nepal]
Podophyllum hexandrum [may apple]
Rauvolfia serpentina  
Taxus baccata subsp. wallichiana  

Appendix III: species identified by any party as being subject to regulation in that country and which require international co-operation to control trade

Cycas pectinata [Himalayan cycad]
Gnetum montanum  
Meconopsis regia  
Podocarpus neriifolius  
Talauma hodgsonii  
Tetracentron sinense  
National list of plants banned for collection, use, sale, distribution, transportation and export
Dactylorhiza hatagirea [CITES Appendix II]
Picrorhiza scrophulariflora  
Juglans regia [bark only]
Medicinal plants threatened through over-collection for the export trade (see conservation)
Acontium heterophyllum 'Bikh', subalpine and alpine zones
Aconitum spicatum 'Bikh', subalpine and alpine zones
Acorus calamus 'Bojo', temperate zone
Dactylorhiza hatagirea 'Panch Aunle', subalpine and alpine zones
Ephedra gerardiana 'Somlata', subalpine and alpine zones
Gentiana kurrooa ??
Nardostachys grandiflora (syn. jatamansi) 'Jatamansi', subalpine and alpine zones
Paris polyphylla 'Satuwa', temperate zone
Picrorhiza kurroa 'Kutki', temperate zone
Piper longum 'Pipla', tropical and subtropical zones
Podophyllum hexandrum (syn. emodi) ??
Potentilla fulgens 'Bajradanti', temperate zone
Rauvolfia serpentina 'Sarpagandha', tropical and subtropical zones
Rheum australe (syn. emodi) 'Padamchal, subalpine and alpine zones
Rheum nobile ??
Swertia chirayita 'Chiraito', temperate zone
Terminalia chebula 'Harro', tropical and subtropical zones
Terminalia bellirica 'Barro', tropical and subtropical zones
Valeriana wallichii 'Sugandawal', temperate zone
Zanthoxylum armatum 'Timur', tropical and subtropical zones
Problematic invasive alien plants in Nepal (see conservation)
Ageratum conzoides  
Amaranthus viridis  
Amaranthus spinosus    
Bidens pilosa  
Cassia tora  
Cassia sophera  
Eupatorium adenophorum slash and burn areas, subtropical and temperate regions
Eupatorium odoratum disturbed areas in tropical and subtropical regions
Lantana camara disturbed areas in tropical and subtropical regions
Mikania micrantha  
Eichhornia crassipes 'water hyacinth', tropical and subtropical water ways
Non-endemic threatened plants (see conservation)
Sixty species of non-endemic plants are regarded as threatened (Shrestha and Joshi 1996)
Name Family IUCN category
Allium przewalskianum Amarylidaceae V
Choerospondias axillaris Anacardiaceae R
Pistacia chinensis subsp. integerrina Anacardiaceae R
Alstonia neriifolia Apocynaceae R
Alstonia scholaris Apocynaceae R
Beaumontia grandiflora Apocynaceae V
Rauvolfia serpentina Apocynaceae E
Arisaema utile Araceae I
Helwingia himalaica Araliceae I
Hoya arnottiana Asclepiadaceae K
Tylophora belostemma Asclepiadaceae Ex?
Podophyllum hexandrum Berberidaceae V
Alnus nitida Betulaceae R
Oroxylum indicum Bignoniaceae V
Maharanga bicolor Boraginaceae K
Maharanga emodi Boraginaceae K
Crateva unilocularis Capparaceae R
Megacarpaea polyandra Cruciferae V
Cycas pectinata Cycadaceae E
Dioscorea deltoidea Dioscoreaceae T
Dioscorea prazeri Dioscoreaceae T
Elaeocarpus sphaericus Elaeocarpaceae V
Lithocarpus fenestrata Fagaceae K
Swertia chirayita Gentianaceae V
Gnetum montanum Gnetaceae E
Acacia catechu Fabaceae T
Butea monosperma Fabaceae E
Dalbergia latifolia Fabaceae V
Gloriosa superba Liliaceae R
Lillium wallichianum Liliaceae R
Paris polyphylla Liliaceae V
Magnolia globosa Magnoliaceae R
Michelia champaca Magnoliaceae E
Michelia kisopa Magnoliaceae E
Talauma hodgsonii Magnoliaceae E
Olea ferruginea Oleaceae R
Paeonia emodi Paeoniaceae R
Calamus acanthospathus Palmae E
Calamus latifolius Palmae E
Calamus leptospadix Palmae E
Wallichia densiflora Palmae R
Passiflora napalensis Passifloraceae E
Larix griffithiana Pinaceae R
Larix himalaica Pinaceae K
Ceratostigma ulicinum Plumbaginaceae R
Podocarpus neriifolius Podocarpaceae E
Hydrobryum griffithii Podostemaceae R
Rheum nobile Polygonaceae R
Helicia nilagirica Proteaceae R
Aconitum ferox Ranunculaceae T
Aconitum gammiei Ranunculaceae R
Aconitum heterophyllum Ranunculaceae R
Aconitum laciniatum Ranunculaceae T
Aconitum spicatum Ranunculaceae T
Prunus carmesina Rosaceae R
Bergenia ciliata Saxifragaceae T
Picrorhiza scrophulariifolia Scrophulariaceae V
Tetracentron sinense Tetracentraceae R
Ulmus wallichiana Ulmaceae R
Nardostachys grandiflora Valerianaceae V

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