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The distribution of Nepal's burgeoning population is very uneven, with almost half (48.5%) living in the lowland Terai. Most of the rest (44.2%) live in the Mid Hills, with only 7.3% in the Mountains. The population density is 157 people per km², but only 18% of the land surface is arable land. On this basis Nepal has one of the highest population densities in the world: over 600 people per km² of arable land. Almost 90% of Nepalese live in rural areas, mostly in poverty surviving on subsistence agriculture.
|1910||ca. 4 m||??|
|1971||11.5 m||2.07% (1961-1971)|
|1981||15 m||2.66% (1971-1981)|
|1991||18.5 m||2.08% (1981-1991)|
|2001||23.2 m||2.27% (1991-2001)|
|2004||ca. 27.1 m||ca. 2.23% (2004)|