Rangelands in Nepal comprise grassland, pasture, scrubland and degraded forests. They are estimated to cover about 1.75 million hectares, or nearly 12% of Nepal’s land area (NBS 2002). These areas are rich in biodiversity, ranging from subtropical savannahs, temperate grasslands, and alpine meadows to the cold, arid steppes north of the Himalayan range. The bulk of these rangelands are found in the upper Himalayan regions, and provide a variety of medicinal and aromatic plants and supply forage or pasture for grazing and browsing animals. They are threatened by overgrazing which reduces species richness, encourages habitat degradation by invasive plants and promotes soil erosion.